Oliver Webb and family in Roscoe Township, Goodhue County, Minnesota

Compiled by Jonathan Webb Deiss, 2003. www.webbdeiss.org

 

CHRONOLOGICAL ABSTRACT

 

Oliver Webb and family moved to Minnesota in 1856.  They came to the wilderness then known as Roscoe township, but hardly resembling a town.  The Town of Roscoe was named from a suggestion by Charles Dana in 1858 after the town in Illinois where he had come from prior to living in Minnesota.  Roscoe is in Goodhue County, Minnesota, township 109, range 16, bordered on the east by Pine Island township, on the south by Dodge county…

 

The family’s journey was described in the History of Hamline University (1907), page 202-3, “In 1856 a covered wagon, drawn by oxen, came slowly from Indiana to Roscoe, Goodhue County, Minnesota.  The wagon bore the father and mother, four husky boys and two girls; they were the Webb family. ‘They crossed the prairie as of old, The Pilgrims crossed the sea, To Make the West as they the East, The Homestead of the Free.’  They took a claim, they built a house, they turned the sod, and made cattle sheds of straw.”

 

Part of the cash entry sale (detailed below) was the pre-emption of government land settled prior to statehood; Oliver was required to prove residency and improvement to obtain the land in addition to the 38 acres purchased.  Oliver and each of his three eldest sons (Harvey, Francis, Loren) had 200 acre farms, and the homestead may or may not be part of that land.

 

Prior to or just after moving to and purchasing land in Minnesota, Oliver and Louisa Webb sold the land they owned in Marshall County, Indiana.
Extracted from ‘Early Land Records – Marshall County, Indiana’, Swamp Land, Canal Land. Grantor to Grantee deeds…

 

Oliver Webb & wife to Abram S. Hand, Warranty Deed, 13 March 1857

S/2 SE/4 E 18 MRL, Bk L 244

 

Oliver Webb & wife to John Kinnett, Warranty Deed, 14 March 1857

SE Corner SE/4 E 18 MRL, Bk L 141

 

Oliver Webb & wife to John H. Armstrong, Warranty Deed, 9 April 1857

SE/4 E 18 MRL, Bk L 334

 

Oliver Webb & Louisa Webb to John Hutchinson, Warranty Deed, 23 August 1859
S/2 SE/4 E 18 MRL, Bk O 176

 

1857

 

Census, Inhabitants of Town 109, Range 16 in the County of Goodhue, Territory of Minnesota
enumerated 21st Day of October AD 1857 – W.W. DeKay, Ass’t Marshall
Dwellings#/Family#, Age, Sex, Color, Place of Birth, Voter, Occupation of all males over 15

1 / 1, Harvey Webb, 26, Male, na, Ohio, 1, Farmer

1 / 1, Jemima Webb, 24, Female, na, Ohio, na

1 / 1, Benjamin Webb, 3, Male, na, Indiana, na

2 / 2, Francis Webb, 21, Male, na, Ohio, 1, Farmer

2 / 2, Rachel Webb, 19, Female, na, Indiana, na

2 / 2, Clara May Webb, 7/12, Female, na, Indiana, na

2 / 2, Oliver Webb, 57, Male, na, New York, 1, Farmer

2 / 2, Lester A. Webb, 15, Male, na, Ohio, na

2 / 2, Martin L. Webb, 13, Male, na, Ohio, na

3 / 3, not transcribed

4 / 4, not transcribed

5 / 5, Charles Dana, 42, Male, na, Vermont, 1, Farmer

5 / 5, Sally A. Dana, 42, Female, na, New York, na

5 / 5, Edward Dana, 17, Male, na, Illinois, na, Farmer

5 / 5, Charles Dana Jr., 6, Male, na, Illinois, na

 

Of interest in this transcription is the fact that Oliver’s wife Louisa, his son Loren and all of his daughters are not living with him in Minnesota in 1857.  Loren was living in the Chillson Hotel in Red Wing, employed as a printer by Lucius F. Hubbard.

 

With the exception of Loren, they are all on the 1860 Federal Census, so it is assumed that in the years between 1857 and 1860, they joined the family on the frontier.  It also adds validity to the statements made concerning Francis Webb, wife Rachel Lewis, and daughter Clara moving to Minnesota but returning to Indiana before 1860.  Additionally, it can now be known that Harvey’s wife Jemima, and son, Benjamin, were born in Ohio, and Indiana respectively and not Michigan, as is erroneously indicated in the 1870 census and that daughter Nellie was subsequently born in Minnesota (after this census was taken).     

 

Histories, maps, sources :

 

[History of Goodhue County, by J. W. Hancock ‘An old settler’, published in 1893 – pages about Roscoe Township (1) (2) (3)]

 

1858

 

1859

 

1860

Preemption Land
Owner Name: Oliver Webb
Date: 01 July 1861 (although it was occupied as early as 1856)
Location: MN
Document #: 5096
Serial #: MN1220_.350
Sale Type: cash entry sale (preemption)
Acres: 38.16
Meridian or Watershed: 5TH
Parcel: Township 109 N, Range 16 W, Section 18
Document Images : (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6)

Document Transcriptions :

(1) (Bureau of Land Management un-certified copy of preemption certificate) pending
[click here to see an image of this document]

(2) Reference Service Slip from the National Archives (reproducing the information on this document would allow anyone to request the same set of documents reproduced herein)
[click here to see an image of this document]

(3) No 5096
St. Peter, Minn
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5096 St. Peter
Patented July 1st 1861
Recorded Vol 8 page 350
[click here to see an image of these documents]

(4) No 5096  Land Office at St. Peter, Min Oct 3 – 1860   It is hereby certified, that, in pursuance of Law, Oliver Webb of Goodhue County, State pf Minnesota on this day purchased of the Register of this Office, the Lot, or SW¼ & SW¼ -- of Section No. 18 – of Township No. 109 north of Range No. 16 west containing 38.16 acres, at the rate of one dollar and 25 cents per acre, amounting to forty seven – dollars and 70 cents – cents, for which the said Oliver Webb has made payment in full as required by law.
No, therefore, be it known, that on presentation of this certificate to the Commissioner of the General Land Office, the said Oliver Webb shall be entitled to receive a Patent for the Lot above described.   (signed) Samuel Plummer Register
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No 5096  Receiver’s Office at St. Peter, Min Octr 3rd 1860
Received from Oliver Webb of Goodhue County Min the sum of forty seven – dollars and seventy cents; being in full for the SW¼ of SW quarter of Section No. 18 – in Tow (sic) N0. 109N of Range No. 16W containing thirty eight – acres and sixteen hundredths, at $1.25 per acre.
$47.70   (signed) ?? Receiver
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(5) W No 38723 Act 1855
Certificate No. 5096
Proof of Right of Pre-Emption
Sec 18  Town 109 North,  Range 16 W.
Pre-Emption Act, 4th September, 1841.  Allowed this 3rd day of October A.D. 1860
Samuel Plumer, Register
(illegible), Receiver
Oliver Webb OK
D. S. 10820
Sept 28.  Nov 1. 56
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(6) (top half of document image became corrupted, only bottom half available)
SW Quarter of Section No. 18 of Township No. 109 North of Range No. 16 West in the Winona Land District, and that no other person resided upon the said land entitled to the right of Pre-emption.  That the said Oliver Webb entered upon and made settlement in person on the said land since the first day of June 1840 to wit : on the 28 day of Sept 1856 and that he has built a dwelling-house on said land 20 by 24 feet square; and 12 feet high; and has a good roof and floor; and contains 2 doors and 4 windows and is a comfortable house for a family to live in; and has lived in the same house and made it his exclusive home from the 28 day of Sept 1856 till the present time.  That he did not remove from his own land within the Territory of Minnesota to make the settlement above described, and that he has seventy acres ploughed and eighty acres fenced. (signed) John Murphy
I, Samuel Plumer, Register of the Land Office, do hereby certify that the above Affidavit was taken and subscribed before me this 2d day of October 1860. (signed) Samuel Plumer
We Certify that John Murphy whose name is subscribed to the foregoing Affidavit is a person of respectability.
[click here to see an image of this document]

 

 

1860 Federal Census.  Roscoe Township, Goodhue County, Minnesota

Page, Dwelling/Family, Names, Age, Sex, Color, Occupation, Value, Born, Remark

12?, 1127/46, Charles Dana, 44, Male, White, Farmer, 1300/200, Vermont

12?, 1127/46, Sally Dana, 40, Female, White, na, na, New York

12?, 1127/46, Edmund Dana, 20, Male, White, Farmer, na, Illinois

12?, 1127/46, Danl Dana, 17, Male, White, na, na, Illinois

12?, 1127/46, Chas Dana, 8 Male, White, na, na, Illinois

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126, 1152/67, Oliver Webb, 54, Male, White, Farmer, 400/468, New York, na
126, 1152/67, Louisa Webb, 48, Female, White, na, na, Vermont, na
126, 1152/67, Eveline Webb, 19, Female, White, na, na, Ohio, na
126, 1152/67, Lester Webb, 17, Male, White, Farmer, na, Ohio, na
126, 1152/67, Luther Webb, 15, Male, White, na, na, Ohio, na
126, 1152/67, Loretta Webb, 13, Female, White, na, na, Ohio, na

126, 1153/68, George Van Syckle, 27, male, White, Farmer, 0/500, New York, na

126, 1153/68, Eliza Van Syckle, 26, Female, White, na, na, Ohio, na

126, 1153/68, Chas Van Syckle, 7, Male, White, na, na, Indiana, na

126, 1153/68, Louella Van Syckle, 9mos, Female, White, na, na, Indiana, na

Production of Agriculture, Town of Roscoe, Goodhue County, Minnesota 1860
Name of Owner : Oliver Webb

Acres (Total – Improved and Unimproved) : 70 / 150

Cash Value of farm : $800.00

Cash value of farming implements and machinery : $50.00 

Horses : 2

Milk Cows : 2

Working Oxen : 2      

Other Cattle : 2

Swine : 3

Value of Livestock : $318.00

Wheat - spring : 150 bushels   

Indian corn : 270 bushels

Potatos - Irish : 50 bushels

Dairy Products - Butter : 200 lbs.

Hay : 20 tons

Value of Animals Slaughtered : $24.00

 

During the civil war, Oliver cut wheat and oats for his neighbors with his reaper, which he had proudly purchased from Mr. Stuart of LaPorte, Indiana.  In 1862, Oliver and his sons cut fields for Geo. Lance (near Perkin’s farm), Mr. Williams, Mr. Collins, Mr. Daniel Druse.

 

1865

 

1865 Minnesota State Census.  Roscoe Township, Goodhue County, Minnesota

Number, Name, Male/Female

51, Oliver Webb, Male

51, Sally Ann Webb, Female

51, Loretta L. Webb, Female

51, Charles Dana, Male

 

1870

1870 Federal Census.  Roscoe Township (Mineola PO), Goodhue County, Minnesota

Page, Dwelling/Family, Name, Age, Sex, Color, Occupation, Value (Real/Pers), Born
/128, Oliver Webb, 65, Male, White, Farmer, 3000/1150, New York, voter

/128, Sally A. Webb, 5?, Female, White, Keeping House, na, New York

/128, Daniel Druce, 27, Male, White, At Home, na, Illinois, voter

**/128, Mary Druce, 25, Female, White, Married, New York, died November child birth, Keeping house

/128, Charles Daney, 18, Male, White, At Home, na, Illinois, in school

/128, Mary Daney, 7/12, Female, White, na, na, Minnesota, born in Nov

/128, Sarah Sacket, 17, Female, White, Domestic Servant, na, New York

/130, Martin Webb, 25, Male, White, Farmer, 2000/450, Indiana, voter

/130, Isabel Webb, 26, Female, White, Keeping House, na, Scotland, foreign born parents

/130, Mary S. Webb, 1, Female, White, At Home, na, Minnesota, foreign mother

/130, Charles Vansickle, 15, Male, White, At Home, na, Indiana, in school

1870 Federal Production of Agriculture Enumeration, Town of Roscoe, Goodhue County, Minnesota

Name of Owner : Oliver Webb

Acres (Improved/Woodland/Unimproved) : 45/20/30

Cash Value of farm : $3000.00

Cash value of farming implements and machinery : $200.00

Total value of wages paid including value of land : $200.00

Horses : 5
Milk Cows : 9

Value of Livestock : $950.00

Wheat - spring : 600 bushels
Oats : 300 bushels

Rye : 25 bushels
Potatos : 50 bushels

Dairy Products - Butter : 450 lbs.
Feed – Hay : 20 tons

Value of Animals Slaughtered : $100.00
Total Value of all farm products : $960.00

 

1870 Federal Production of Agriculture Enumeration, Town of Roscoe, Goodhue County, Minnesota
Name of Owner : Martin L. Webb

Acres (Improved/Woodland/Unimproved) : 160/95/60

Cash Value of farm : $2000.00

Cash value of farming implements and machinery : $50.00

Total value of wages paid including value of land : $30.00

Horses : 2
Milk Cows : 1
Sheep : 9

Value of Livestock : $380.00

Wheat - spring : 120 bushels
Oats : 500 bushels

Indian corn : 25 bushels
Potatos : 25 bushels
Peas & Beans : 2 bushels

Dairy Products - Butter : 300 lbs
Feed – Hay : 15 tons
Value of Animals Slaughtered : $35.00
Total Value of all farm products : $753.00

 

1875

 

1875 Minnesota State Census.  Roscoe Township, Goodhue County

#, Name, Age, Sex, Color, Born, Father born, Mother born

142, M. L. Webb, 30, male, White, Ohio, (blank), (blank)

142, Isabell Webb, 31, Female, White, Scotland, Scotland, Scotland

142, Mary L. Webb, 5, Female, White, Minnesota, Ohio, Scotland

142, Angelina G. Webb, 4, Female, White, Minnesota, Ohio, Scotland

142, Mabel Webb, 2, Female, White, Minnesota, Ohio, Scotland

15?, Daniel L. Druse, 33, Male, White, Illinois, New York, New York

15?, Sarah Druse, 22, Female, White, New York, New York, New York

15?, Mary Druse, 6, Female, White, Minnesota, Illinois, New York

15?, Fannie Druse, 4, Female, White, Minnesota, Illinois, New York

15?, Oliver Webb, 70, (fe)Male (sic), White, New York, New York, New York

15?, Sally A. Webb, 55, Female, White, New York, New York, New York

15?, Gottlieb Shieben, 20, Male, White, Switzerland, Switzerland, Switzerland

15?, Theresa Johnson, 17, Female, White, Wisconsin (blank), (blank)

 

1877

 

In 1877 there was produced a Plat Map of the entire county of Goodhue.  The Plat Map of Roscoe shows the location of the property of Oliver’s wife Sally (S. A. Webb) in section 19, bordered by the land of his stepson Daniel L. Druse.  Oliver must have sold his land in section 18 by this time.

[Click here to see an image of the 1877 Plat Map of Roscoe Township]

1880

 

1880 Federal Census.  Roscoe Township, Goodhue County, Minnesota.  Enumerated 3 June 1880 by D. L. Druse

Page, Dwelling/Family, Name, Color, Sex, Age, Relation, Marital Stat, Occupation, School, Born, Father born, Mother born
2, 1/1, Oliver Webb, White, Male, 75, Head, Married, Farmer, na, New York, New York, New York

2, 1/1, Sallie Webb, White, Female, 60, Wife, Married, Keeping House, na, New York, Massachusetts, New York

2, 1/1, Mary Druse, White, Female, 10, Granddaughter, Single, At School, in school, Minnesota, Illinois, Pennsylvania

2, 13/13, James A. Rogers, White, Male, 32, Head, Married, Farmer, New York, New York, New York

2, 13/13, Henrietta Rogers, White, Female, 27, Wife, Married, Keeping House, Wisconsin, New York, (blank)

2, 13/13, Nettie Rogers, White, Female, 10, Daughter, Single, at home, in school, Minnesota, New York, Wisconsin

2, 13/13, Luella Van Syckle, White, Female, 20, Boarder, Single, Teacher, in school, Indiana, (blank), Ohio

2, 13/13, Henry Aldrich, White, Male, 30, Servant, Married, Farm Laborer, Canada, (blank), (blank)

2, 13/13, Mary Ann Aldrich, White, Female, 35, Boarder, Married, none, Canada, (blank), (blank)

2, 13/13, Mary Aldrich, White, Female, 1, Boarder, Single, Canada, (blank), (blank)

3, 3/3, Daniel Druse, White, Male, 37, Head, Married, Farmer, na, Illinois, New York, New York

3, 3/3, Sarah Druse, White, Female, 27, Wife, Married, Keeping house, na, New York (blank), (blank)

3, 3/3, Fannie Druse, White, Female, 9, Daughter, Single, na, in school, Minnesota, Illinois, New York

3, 3/3, John Druse, White, Male, 7, Son, Single, na, in school, Minnesota, Illinois, New York

3, 3/3, Charles Druse, White, Male, 4, Son, Single, na, in school, Minnesota, Illinois, New York

3, 3/3, Helen Druse. White, Female, 3, Daughter, Single, na, na, Minnesota, Illinois, New York

3, 3/3, John Miller, White, 22, Servant, Single, Farm laborer, na, Indiana, (blank), (blank)

5, 4/4, Luther Webb, White, Male, 35, Head, Married, Grocer, na, Ohio, New York, New York

5, 4/4, Isabel Webb, White, Female, 35, Wife, Married, Keeping house, na, Scotland, Scotland, Scotland

5, 4/4, Louisa Webb, White, Female, 11, Daughter, Single, at school, yes, Minnesota, Ohio, Scotland

5, 4/4, Angeline Webb, White, Female, 9, Daughter, Single, at school, yes, Minnesota, Ohio, Scotland

5, 4/4, Mabel Webb, White, Female, 7, Daughter, Single, at school, yes, Minnesota, Ohio, Scotland

5, 4/4, Harvey Webb, White, Male, 3, Son, Single na, no, Minnesota, Ohio, Scotland

5, 4/4, Blanche Webb, White, Female, 2, Daughter, Single, na, no, Minnesota, Ohio, Scotland

5, 4/4, Charles Dana, White, Male, 28, Boarder, Single, Clerk in Store, na, Illinois, Vermont, New York

5, 4/4, Lizzie Coleman, White, Female, 18, Boarder, Single, Teacher, na, Indiana, ?, ?

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Sources :

 

1857 Territorial Census of Minnesota Territory

 

1860 & 1870 Federal Census of the United States