Honorable Christopher Webb, Sr., Esq.

Full name : Christopher Webb
Alternate spellings, aliases : Christopher Webb, Sr.; Christo: Web; Webbe; Weabe; Ensign Webb; Xtopher; Cristiner
Titles, honorifics : Honorable; Esquire; Ensign; Mister; Goodman; Selectman

Parents :
Father : Christopher Webb
Mother : Humility Wheaton (?) or Cooper (?)
note :

Vital Statistics :
Date of Birth : 28 March 1630
Place of Birth : Crediton Parish, Devonshire, England
Date of Death : 30 May 1694
Place of Death : Braintree, Suffolk County, Massachusetts
Burial Information : probably buried in Braintree Town limits
Notes : Baptizatorum Nomina (C650741-0933984) “1630 March 28 Christopher sonne of Christopher Webb.”   Also, from Bates’ Braintree town records, p660, “Ensign Christopher Webb, sometimes the keeper of this book died upon the 30th day of May 1694 aged 64,” it can be ascertained that he was born circa 1630, being 64 years old in 1694.  It is recorded in 1684 that he was 54 years old (Essex County Depositions v9:139).  The Julian Calendar denotes that the legal year began 25 March, which is often designated in the records as the first month.
Probate Information : (Suff. Prob., 13:220) and (Mass Archive v16:497-8)  His will is dated 14 April 1694, so he must have had some idea that he was dying; proved 28 June 1694.  He gives wife Hannah, “all the profit, improvement and benefit of my whole estate during her natural life; also all my household goods and chattels, and all my personal estate, both within doors and without; together with two cows, two oxen, and my white horse, with all my implements of husbandry, &c.  To my son John Webb and his heirs twenty pounds, to be paid immediately after my wife’s decease.  To my son Peter Webb and his heirs twenty pounds after my wife’s decease; also the east end of my dwelling house, which he liveth in, &c.  To my son Samuel Webb and his heirs twenty pounds after my wife’s decease.  To my son Benjamin Webb and heirs the same.  To my son Joseph Webb and heirs forty pounds after my wife’s decease.  To my dau. Hannah Adams five pounds after my wife’s decease.  To my dau. Mary Adams twenty pounds after wife’s decease.  To my dau. Abigail Webb twenty pounds after wife’s decease.  To my son Christopher Webb’s children, my grandchildren, Christopher Webb, Hannah Webb, and Sarah Webb, twenty-four pounds to be divided equally among them.  Appoints the three oldest sons, John, Peter, Samuel, Executors.  Witnesses, Hannah Savel, Senr, Hannah Savel, Junr, Samuel Tompson, Sen.  Inventory, lands, meadows, dwelling-house, and outhouses, 240.10; salt march, 30; dwelling house at Monatiquit (the present township of Braintree) and half an acre of orchard, 35; sundries, 80.2.6; total, 385.12.6.”  Also… from Bates’ Braintree town records, p660, “Ensign Christopher Webb, sometimes the keeper of this book died upon the 30th day of May 1694 aged 64.”

Spouse :
Name : Hannah Scott
Date of Marriage : 18 January 1654/5
Place of Marriage : Braintree, Suffolk County, Massachusetts
Died : 30 December 1718
Notes : Hannah was born circa 1635, thought by some to be the daughter of Benjamin Scott & Margaret Scott; the mother is supposed to be the same Margaret Scott condemned to death for witchcraft and executed in 1692 at Salem.  I believe this to be untrue, and that she is really the daughter of Benjamin & Hannah Scott of Braintree, there being several men by the name Benjamin in Massachusetts around that time.  Marriage ceremony performed by Captain William Torrey of Weymouth.  From Braintree Town records, “Mrs Hannah Webb, widow of Mr Christopher Webb died the 30th Day of December in the 83d year of her age 1718.”

Education : He was obviously very intelligent and assertive.  Whether these qualities were enhanced by education is unknown, but certainly probable by account of his many and varied activities and apparent success at them.  There was a ‘Latin School’ in Braintree at about this time, and Christopher may have attended it as a teen.

What is certain is that he was literate; knew how to read & write proficiently; he was also diligent and competent enough with arithmetic to assess tax rates, administer estate settlements, etc.  He was admitted as a member of the Bar in the colony and was a representative to the colonial legislature.

Religion : He was a member of the Church of Braintree and they followed the typical course of the puritans - Congregationalism.    The Church of Braintree had been without a regular Pastor for several years and divisions among the parishioners prevented a decision being made on the subject of who should be employed as the preacher.  In an extraordinary turn, the Suffolk County courts assigned a minister to the Church of Braintree, Mr. Moses Fiske, who preached his first sermon to the members in Braintree in December 1671.  Christopher’s father, Christopher, Sr., had died earlier the same year.  He was obviously involved in his church and held some amount of sway among the members, unfortunately it seems to have influenced his pious enemies as well.  In the Suffolk County Court, Session of (month?) 1671, Christopher was sentenced after being convicted of causing an unrest amongst the church members in his parish. :








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He soon petitioned the same Court to remit his fines :

“Webbs fine halfe Remitted – upon the humble Peticion of Xopher Webb the Court Remits halfe of his fine & freed him from his Bonds of good Behavior on due proclamation made.”

Two years later, the next session of the Court on 29 July 1673, eventually remitted and reversed the sentence :

“Xtopher Webbs liberty restored – In Answer to the peticion of Christopher Webb of Brantrey The Court remits the penalty laide upon him by a former Court of this County & restore him to his former liberty.”

Military Service : He is called ‘Ensigne’ several times in the literature of the times, but whether this is a military commission, or the stile of a ‘Town Clerke’ is unknown.

In 1675 at the beginning of King Philips War (1675-1679), Indian raids nearby caused the town to establish a garrison and they appointed Richard Thayer to be in command of it.  He may have attempted to cheat the Town of Braintree of money by making false allegations concerning his military exploits against Indians on the town’s behalf.  He lists Christopher in his bill, presented to the town on 1677, which states, “…two pounds, three shillings, four pence, payed to Cristiner Weab…”

For military service rendered to the Colony during Indian Wars during 1675/76, he was paid 9 shillings for occupying the garrison at Punckapauge on 24 June 1676.

On 6 December 1689 he supported a bill in the Massachusetts Legislature for reducing the number of soldiers from Braintree at the ‘castle’ (Mass Archive v35:104a).

Occupation(s) : It is clear that he was considered a Freeman of the Massachusetts Bay colony, otherwise he would not have been able to participate in the town’s affairs as extensively as he did; however the date when he was ‘ admitted to ffreedom (sic)’ and ‘tooke his oath’ of allegiance is not recorded, or has not been found in the record yet.   A freeman as defined : freeman – one who is personally free, one who is not a slave or serf, subject to due process of law, etc.  Only someone who was a Freeman could handle town affairs, vote, be a selectman, serve on a council, or as a member of a jury.  Specifically, in reference to the Massachusetts Colony or Company, originally a freeman was a member of the Company (or who signed the Mayflower Compact), who held the right of suffrage and afterwards those that might be admitted by a majority vote of said freeman.  At the start, all freeman practiced true democracy, each person having one vote on all subjects before the law, in all trials, etc.  Later they acted as voters to elect representatives to the various councils and courts which were devised to handle the growing affairs of the colony.  In 1658 it was recorded, in law, that freeman must take an ‘oath of fidelity’, must not be a ‘Quaker’ or a ‘ranter’; and by 1671, a freeman was defined in the statutes, “…freemen must be twenty-one years of age, of sober and peaceable conversation, orthodox to the fundamentals of religion, and possessed of twenty pounds ratable estate in the Colony.”  So he had to be over twenty-one years old, attended church regularly & followed its edicts, and owned at least a small amount of real estate.

He was listed in his will as a mill-wright, and owned a corn grist & mill on the Monatiquit river, with a dam; additionally he was a farmer, surveyor, land speculator, and Selectman of Braintree.  He was successful as an Attorney, trying many, many cases in Suffolk, Middlesex, & Essex county courts.  He attended the Court of Assistants and the various smaller courts under which they had jurisdiction; he witnessed many deeds and wills, and conducted inventories of estates. 

His name, (or possibly, his father’s name) is affixed to the Indian Deed of 10 August 1665, as a representative of the town, wherein in states that they paid 21.10.0 for all the eastward land within the boundary of the Town of Braintree, defined as bounded in the seaside in the North-east, by the boundary with Dorchester in the North-west, by the boundary with Weymouth in the South-east, and by the Dorchester boundary line in the South-west.  His father died in 1671; and in that same year Christopher was temporarily disfranchised from his church.

The Towne of Brantry voted on 25 Marc 1673 that Christopher Webb Sr, ‘should forthwith goe and find out a trackt of land, and by a Sirvaer lay out 6000 acers which was the generall Courts grant unto the Towne of Brantrey and shall make a returne of it in a plot under the sirvaers hand’, and further, that ‘the Towne dus allow the sayd Web and patners 1500 one thousand five hundred acers for their paines and charge…’.

In 1675/1676 he was a Constable of the Town of Braintree as evidenced by this entry from the Records of Suffolk County Court, from the summer session of 1676 :

“Belcher agt Webb &c. – Joseph Belcher plant. Upon Replevin agt Christopher Webb and James Brackett Constables of Brantery Defs.  The action was continued until the next Court by ordr.”

Perhaps most importantly, he was a ‘Clarke’ or ‘Ensigne’ (Town Clerk) of the ‘Town of Braintrey’, ie; from Braintree Town Records, “Christopher Webb Clarke May 18th 1678.”  He was entrusted with keeping all the town vital records, minutes and decisions of town meetings, etc.  From the Records of Sufflok County Court, session of summer of 1678 :

“Brantrey Clerke of the Writts – Upon the motion of the Inhabitants of Brantrey Christopher Webb is approved to bee Clerke of the Writts for sd Town.”

He was charged with letting out the common land of the town for harvest, forage and pasture; he negotiated probate and estate settlements and coordinated farming rights on common property of the town.

On 27 October 1679 was among three men chosen by the townsfolk of Braintree, ‘to prosecute their interest in the lands purchased of Josiah Sachem by a treaty uth Boston Selectmen…’.  Two weeks prior his name was ascribed to a petition for the town’s ratification of the former land grant and for an additional grant (Mass Archive v112:278).

He is listed as a ‘Selectman’ in May 1680, and April 1681 (Mass Archive v112:313 & v112:323).  On 28 July 1681, he is ‘said to have cut timber on land known as Boston Commons’ (Mass Archive v8:10).  He was a representative from the Town of Braintree to the Massachusetts Legislature.

In Boston on 3 May 1681 he and Daniel Fisher witnessed an agreement between John Rugle and Samuel Rugle, wherein they divided the estate of their father George Rugle.

He was listed as a Selectman of Braintrey in 1682, and on 4 March of that year he was on a committee deciding the fate of a dam on the Monatiquit River.  A Selectman was one of a board of officers, generally unpaid, elected annually by the Freemen to manage various local concerns of a town or township in New England.  In Massachusetts, in 1661 the law defined the role of Selectmen (or ‘Celectmen’)- they were empowered to hear cases of debts under 40 shillings, cases of differences between local towns folk and Indians, and issue summons in that regard. 

In his capacity as Selectman, his name is subscribed to the document titled, “Remonstrance of the Inhabitants of Braintry to the Colonial Agents : To our Honored Agents, Joseph Dudley and John Richards, Esqrs.” In that document, they dispute the claims by Richard Thayer that they are not loyal, and in quite descriptive language tear down Thayer, while proclaiming their loyalty to the crown.  They beg the crown to remember their liberties as spelled out on their charter, approved by King James and King Charles I, and for their advocates to return after presenting their arguments to (the current sovereign).

On 23 May 1682 he and Peter Nucum witnessed a deed of sale wherein Josiah Chapin conveyed approximately six acres of land in Braintree for 32 ‘sterling’ to John Ruggels of Braintree.

In 1683, ‘as of Braintree’, he issued a warrant (Mass Archive v39:886), probably in his capacity as Constable.  In 1683 he and Joseph Webb, Deputy Marshall General of Suffolk County Court (also then clerk of the court in Boston, and son of Richard Webb, shoemaker in Boston), acted as sureties (guarantors for monies or penalties) before the Court of Assistants, in the amount of 10 for Joseph Homes in his suit against Stephen Sweathy. 

Christopher and his brother-in-law Peter Scott witnessed a deed between Henry Heale Sr and his son Joseph Neal (Henry have Joseph c. 30 acres of land in Braintree) in Braintree on 24 May 1683.  He witnessed a deed on 18 September 1683 between Bathsheba Bale and James Bird.

Again in 1684 he and Marshall Joseph Webb were involved, as court officers at the Court of Assistants, in a case between Samuel Bass (Christopher was his lawyer) and Joseph Crosby; in this case Joseph acted as Christopher’s surety in the amount of 15.  Later that year, Christopher acted as attorney in a chancery case for John Griffyn.

He was mentioned in papers filed in October 1684 (Mass Archive v112:373a).

In 1686, under Andros’ regime, a Table of Attorney’s Fees was established and Attorneys were required to take an oath and be admitted to the Bar.  The first five lawyers (or six) to do so were Giles Masters, Nathaniel Thomas, Anthony Checkley (Attorney-General of Massachusetts Bay), Christopher Webb, and John Watson.  It has been questioned whether any of these men had any former or prior training as Attorneys; doubtless they were competent enough.  The need for lawyers was such that Christopher was able to make a living performing the duties as prescribed by law.

On 20 May 1689, ‘Christopher Web Sr. & Joseph Crosby were chosen by the Inhabitants as their representatives for the Towne of Braintrey to meet the representatives of the rest of the Townes at Boston on 22 of this Instant…’ (this meeting was an emergency session of the Inhabitants of Massachusetts convened to vote on whether or not to reinstate the defunct former Governor Andros, and government, et al, elected in 1686, until such time as a decision came down from the Crown concerning the ultimate settlement of government for the entire colony).

Again on 4 June 1689, chosen to ‘consult with the Counsel sitting in Boston 5th of this instant June about the emergencies that came under consideration : ther was chosen Christopher Web Sr. by the voice of the Assembly meet for their representative.’  Through 1689/90 he is mentioned in details of evidence against Andros (Mass Archive v35:258).

He was mentioned 15 January 1689 (Mass Archive v55:171).  Christopher was chosen to be on a committee to collect debts on 5 December 1689 (Mass Archive v55:107); the next day he is in support of a bill for reducing the number of soldiers from Braintree at ‘the Castle’ (Mass Archive v35:104a). 

On 14 May 1689/90 he is chosen to assign tax rates (Mass Archive v55:300a).  On 19 December 1690 acted as attorney executing the will of Richard Brackett in Boston.

On 18 June 1691 his name is ascribed as a witness, with Marshall Joseph Webb, for the administration of the estate of Joseph Ford, who died intestate.  Coincidently, or perhaps not, Ford’s widow was Deborah Waldo, daughter of Cornelius Waldo (she was born 14 January 1691, married 6 December 1683 Joseph Ford).  Cornelius Waldo had two sons, siblings to Deborah, namely John Waldo, who married Re
His name is mentioned throughout the Massachusetts Archives early records of the colony : January 1690/91 (Mass Archive v36:307, v37:265a & v37:297), 16 May 1693 (Mass Archive v16:481), 20 May 1693 (Mass Archive v16:481a & 16:482).

“1693 June 26.  At a meeting of the Selectman (ed: of Boston)
Ordered that Mr Christopher Web be Employed as an Attourney to demand and sue for the Town rents, & that a list of Town rents be brought in and left with the Town Clerk.”

Property : In September 1653 the Selectmen of the Town of Dedham, Massachusetts assembled to assess the taxes, “the Countrey Rate…”, and Christopher Webb was enumerated and rated :

“29 of 6 mo: 1653  Assemb Joh Kingsberrie. Joh. Dwight, Lieft Fisher, Fra Chickering, Pet. Woodward, Srgt Fisher, & Ela: Lusher
the Countrey Rate made
(last on the list) Christo: Webb   0   5   0”

This tax rating indicates that Christopher Webb, or his father Christopher (60+ years old in 1653), lived in Dedham before Braintree, which it is supposed he did the next year because Christopher (the son) was married in Braintree the 1654/5.  He must have had some ratable estate in Dedham to be assessed for 5 shillings in tax.

The Towne of Brantry voted on 25 Marc 1673 that Christopher Webb Sr, ‘should forthwith goe and find out a trackt of land, and by a Sirvaer lay out 6000 acers which was the generall Courts grant unto the Towne of Brantrey and shall make a returne of it in a plot under the sirvaers hand’, and further, that ‘the Towne dus allow the sayd Web and patners 1500 one thousand five hundred acers for their paines and charge…’.  What became of this land is not yet known although his will mentions many various properties, “…lands, meadows, dwelling-house, and outhouses, 240.10; salt march, 30; dwelling house at Monatiquit (the present township of Braintree) and half an acre of orchard, 35…” 

He is listed on 24 February 1661/62 as a resident of Billerica, Massachusetts, where his children Samuel and Christopher were born, thereafter as a resident of Braintree, Suffolk County, Massachusetts.

On 13 May 1677 he witnessed a deed of sale between John Savell and Nathaniel Greenwood, in which it is stated that Savel sold Greenwood 37 acres of land in Braintree.  Christopher Webb’s name is also listed as owner of an adjacent parcel of land, “…Viz, seven acres more or less Lying on an Island called the great Island bounded… …on the west wth. The land of Samuel bass, on the North with the lands of Christopher Webb and John Ruggell,” (Suffolk Deeds Liber X, 168,169)

It appears that there is a connection between Christopher Webb and the Iron Works at Braintree, hence a tentative connection to Mr. Henry Webb of Boston, merchant-adventurer (venture capitalist), investor and member of the Company of Undertakers for the Iron Works.  The location of the Iron Works property, when conceived, was bordered on its south by the farm of Mr. Henry Webb within the Braintree Town limits.  His lands were sold and evolved into many hands after his death in 1660, and the Iron Works land was divided and sold to pay the debts of the company after its failure and dissolution some years prior to Webb’s death. 

Bates stated, “The Iron Works, in 1688, appears to be in the possession of Christopher Webb, senior, millwright, who with Hannah his wife conveyed on April 11th of that year, to John Holbrook of Weymouth, housewright, for 180 pounds, all their corn mill, mill pond, waters, water courses, dam, banks, one and one-half acre of land with barn thereon; bounded north and west on the highway, south on the river, east with Simon Lynde.”  150

Three years after Christopher Webb’s death, this plot was sold back to his son John Webb for 228 pounds.  Before it was owned by the Webb’s, it was owned by Richard Thayer, Sr., then Richard Thayer, Jr.  By the 1720’s it had ended up in the hands of the Thayers again, after being in the possession of the Webbs for many years.

Family : It has been stated, three of Christopher Webb’s children, one son and two daughters, engaged in what Vinton called a “Quadruple Alliance,” with the Joseph Adam’s family of Braintree (but he was incorrect in assuming that all four Adams were children of Joseph Adams, but he corrected himself and listed the correct data in an appendix in his book); really it was only a triple alliance because Samuel Webb married Mary, the daughter of Samuel Adams of Chelmsford.  He must bear some relation to Marshall Joseph Webb, Deputy Marshall of the Court of Suffolk County; they obviously knew one another and worked together in the Courts.

Son : John Webb, Esq.

Date of Birth : 23 October 1655
Place of Birth : Braintree, Suffolk County, Massachusetts
Married : Bethia Adams, May 1680
Died : 1 July 1727, Boston, Massachusetts
Notes : from Braintree Town Records, “John Webb, the sonne of Christopher Webb and Hanna his wife was borne the (23) (8) 1665.”; “Jno. Webb, & Bathia Addams were married May by Joseph Dudley, Assistant, 1680.”  He took the Oath of Allegiance in Brantrey circa 1678/9 (sic).  He was a mill-wright, like his father.  He was representative from Braintree to the Massachusetts legislature in 1702.

Son : Peter Webb

Date of Birth : 1 December 1657

Place of Birth : Braintree, Suffolk County, Massachusetts

Married1 : Ruth Bass

Married2 : May Hayden

Died : 12 February 1717/18, Salem, Massachusetts

Notes : His birth record from Braintree Town Records states, “Peter Webb, the sonne of Christopher Webb and his wife was borne the” (no date listed)  He took the Oath of Allegiance in Brantrey circa 1678/9 (sic). 


Son : Samuel Webb, Sr., Esq.

Date of Birth : 6 or 28 July 1660
Place of Birth : Billerica, Suffolk County, Massachusetts
Married : Mary Adams 16 December 1686, Chelmsford, Massachusetts
Died : 20 February 1738/9, Windham, Connecticut
Notes : Removed with family to Windham, Connecticut in 1707 to live near his wife’s sister’s family, the Waldos.  His birth is taken from Billerica Town records, “Web, Samuell, s. Cristopher and Hanna, July 28, 1660” and also from Braintree Town Records, “Samuel Webb, son of Christopher & Hanna born 6. 6. 1660”; “Samuel Webb & Marah Adams were Maried by Mr. Clarke December 16th. 1686.”  He was a Freeman and took the Oath of Allegiance in Brantrey circa 1678/9 (sic).


Son : Christopher Webb, Jnr.

Date of Birth : 25 March 1663
Place of Birth : Billerica, Suffolk County, Massachusetts
Married : Mary Bass, 24 May 1686

Died : 7 February 1689-90, Braintree, Suffolk County, Massachusetts
Notes : His birth is recorded in Billerica Town records, “Web, Cristopher, s. Cristo and Hannah, Mar. 25, 1663” and also from the Bates’ Braintree town records, “Christopher Webb, the son of Christopher Webb & Hannah his wife borne 25 March 1663”; additionally from the same records, “Christopher Webb, Junr married to Mary Basse 24 3d. 1686”, and later noted, “Christopher Webb dyed of the small pox March 1689-90.”  His widow remarried, “William Copeland and Mary Webb were married upon the 13 of April 1694, by capten Proutey.”


Daughter : Hannah Webb

Date of Birth : 5 September 1665
Place of Birth : Braintree, Suffolk County, Massachusetts
Married : Captain John Adams, 1683
Died : between 14 April and 19 October 1694
Notes : from Braintree Town Records, “Hanna Webb, daughter of Christopher Webb & Hanna his wife borne 7th mo 5th 1665.”  She and Captain Adams were the grandparents of patriot Samuel Adams, born 16 September 1722, signatory to the Declaration of Independence.


Son : Benjamin Webb

Date of Birth : 12 April 1667
Place of Birth : Braintree, Suffolk County, Massachusetts
Married : Susanna Ballantine, 21 November 1692, Boston, Massachusetts
Died : October 1739, Braintree, Suffolk County, Massachusetts
Notes : from Braintree Town Records, “Benjamin Webb son of Christopher Webb & Hanna his wife borne 12th mo. 2, 1667.”  He moved to Boston.


Daughter : Mary Webb

Date of Birth : 6 September 1669
Place of Birth : Braintree, Suffolk County, Massachusetts
Married : Captain Peter Adams, 12 February 1695
Died :
Notes : from Braintree Town Records, “Mary Webb, daughter of Christopher Webb & Hanna his wife borne the 7th mo 6th 1669”; “Peter Adams and Mary Webb were married upon the 12th  of February 1694/5 by Mr. Moses Fiske.”


Son : Joseph Webb

Date of Birth : 15 March 1672
Place of Birth : Braintree, Suffolk County, Massachusetts
Married : Deborah Bass, 29 November 1699, Braintree, Suffolk County, Massachusetts
Died :
Notes :


Daughter : Abigail Webb

Date of Birth : 13 August 1675

Place of Birth :

Married :

Died :

Notes : from Braintree Town Records, “Abigail Webb, daughter of Christopher Webb, & Hannah his wife borne 8th mo. 13, 75.”


Comments, sources, various additional :


Bates, Samuel A. (Editor; Town Clerk of Braintree). Records of the Town of Braintree Massachusetts, 1640 to 1873.  Braintree, Suffolk County, Massachusetts 17 June 1886.  Facsimile Reprint by Heritage Books. Bowie, Maryland, 1991. ISBN1556133979


Bates, Samuel A.  The Ancient Iron Works at Braintree, Mass. (The First in America).  Frank A. Bates.  South Braintree, 1898.

Bodge, George Madison.  Soldiers in King Philip’s War… etc., etc.  Genealogical Publishing Company.  Baltimore, Maryland.  1976, originally published 1902.  pp. 53, 63, 72, 154, 157, 165, 251, 254, 359, 364.


Vital Records of Billerica Massachusetts to the year 1850.  Published by the New England Historic Genealogical Society.  Boston, Massachusetts, 1908. p.197


Coquillette, Daniel R.  Countenance of Authoritie” in Law in Colonial Massachusetts 1630-1800.  Colonial Society of Massachusetts.  run: yes">  Worcester, Massachusetts, 1900.


Davis, William T.  History of the Judiciary of Massachusetts.  Including the Plymouth and Massachusetts Colonies, the Province of the Massachusetts Bay, and the Commonwealth.  The Boston Book Company, 1900.

Hill, Don Gleason (editor).  The Early Records of the Town of Dedham Massachusetts 1636-1659.  A Complete Transcript of Book One of the General Records of the Town, Together with the Selectman’s Day Book, Covering a Portion of the Same Period.  Being Book Three of the Printed Records of the Town.  Etc.  Printed at Office of the Dedham Transcript.  Dedham, Massachusetts, 1892.  pp213-214.


Lincoln, Waldo.  Genealogy of the Waldo Family.  A record of the descendants of Cornelius Waldo of Ipswich, Massachusetts from 1647 to 1900.  Volume 1.  Press of Charles Hamilton.  Worchester, Massachusetts, 1902.


Parmenter, Elmer E.  Genealogical Records of the Parmenter – Richardson – Mullins – Alden – Bass – Webb – Fall and Wentworth Families with some of their inter-marital relationships.  Portland, Maine, 1937.


Pattee, William S. MD.  A History of Old Braintree and Quincy, with a sketch of Randolph and Holbrook.  Quincy : Green & Prescott.  1878.


Savage, James. A Genealogical Dictionary of the First Settlers of New England, showing three generations of those who came before May, 1692 on the basis of Farmer’s Register. Baltimore Genealogical Publishing Company,  originally published Boston, 1860-1862.  Reprinted with "Genealogical Notes and Errata," excerpted from The New England Historical and Genealogical Register, Vol. XXVII, No. 2, April, 1873, pp. 135-139; and a Genealogical Cross Index of the Four Volumes of the Genealogical Dictionary of James Savage, by O. P. Dexter, 1884. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc. Baltimore, 1965,1969,1977,1981,1986, 1990. Electronic version has been adapted under the direction of Robert Kraft (assisted by Benjamin Dunning) from materials supplied by Automated Archives, 1160 South State, Suite 250, Orem UT 84058 (http://genweb.net/~books/savage/savage.htm)


Vinton, John Adams.  The Giles Memorial – Genealogical Memoirs of the Families Bearing the Names Giles, Gould, Holmes, Jennison, Leonard, Lindall, Curwen, Marshall, Robinson, Sampson, and Webb; also Genealogical Sketches of the Pool, Very, Carr and other Families with a history of Pemaquid, ancient and modern; some account of early settlements in Maine; and some details of Indian warfare.  Printed for the author, by Henry W. Dutton & Son, Washington Street, Boston. 1864. pp 496 – 532.


Suffolk County Wills.  Abstracts of the earliest wills upon record in the County of Suffolk, Massachusetts.  From the New England Historical and Genealogical Register.  With an index by Judith McGhan.  Genealogical Publishing Co, Inc.  Baltimore, 1984.


Suffolk Deeds.  Liber X.  Rockwell and Churchill Press.  Boston, 1903.  pages 168, 169


Suffolk Deeds.  Liber XIII.  Rockwell and Churchill Press.  Boston, 1903.  pages 29, 62a, 185, 224, 485


City Document No. 46.  Boston Town Records.  Second Report of the Record Commissioners of the City of Boston. 1877.  Rockwell and Churchill, City Printers.  Boston, 1877.


A Volume of Records Relation to the Early History of Boston containing miscellaneous papers. Volume 29. Municipal Printing Office.  Boston, 1900.

A Report of the Record Commissioners of the City of Boston containing the Boston Records from 1660 to 1701.  Rockwell and Churchill, City Publishers.  Boston, 1881.  page215


Early Settlers of Rowley : Scott.  Historical Collections of the Essex Institute.  Volume XXIII.  July, August, September 1886.  No. 7, 8, 9. pp. 237-240.

Records of the Court of Assistants of the Colony of the Massachusetts Bay 1630-1692.  Printed under the supervision of John Noble, Clerk of the Supreme Judicial Court.  Volume I.  Published by the County of Suffolk.  Boston, 1901.


Written communication with Vinton Phillips and David L. Hester, Huron County, Ohio, January 2001- ongoing. 

The Oxford English Dictionary. Volume IX, S-Soldo. Oxford at the Clarendon Press. (Vivian Ridler) Oxford University Press, Amen House, London, GB. 1933, reprinted 1961.


(microfilm) 55.56 Card Index to Massachusetts Archives.  Volume 130-133 Valuations.  (Thompson, Joshua – Woodside).  In Seimes Microfilm Center, NSDAR, Washington, DC


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